Before the author of Leviticus 26 details the benefits of obeying God, two important commandments are reiterated: do not make idols and bow down to them and observe the Sabbath (verses 1 and 2). The repetition is critical because no one can truly be obedient to God unless God is first in their life. If a person obeys God, he can expect rewards, including but not limited to have basis needs for food, clothing and shelter met (verses 4, 5 and 10), peace in the land he lives (verse 6), victory over enemies despite overwhelming odds (verses 7 and 8), blessed with children (verse 9), to have God dwell with him (verses 11 and 12).
However, those who disobey God will face a different set of consequences, including fear, diseases, death, famine, droughts, conflict, unrest and defeat by enemies. In verses 14 through 46, it states that if a person or nation refuses to respond to the consequences of his disobedience, the consequences will escalate sevenfold. For the believer who continues to rebel, God will increase the consequences of his sin until the person is spiritually broken. The only reason God disciplines his child in such a manner is because of his love and he wants us to make him aware of the vileness of his sins. To stop the downward spiral that comes for continual rebellion against God, all that is needed is confession and repentance with a humble heart. Only then can the person’s relationship with God be restored.